In order to support a dental prosthesis then a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull is used and is referred to as a dental implant. Intraoral defects such as missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate are restored by using a dental prosthesis. Restoration is also referred to as reconstruction and its carried out in the inside of the mouth. A dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses is prosthodontics.
Aiding of speech, improve aesthetics and rehabilitating mastication these are the functions of dental prostheses. The position of the dental prostheses is that its held on one place by connecting to teeth or dental implants by suction or being passively held by surrounding muscles. Dental prostheses are either permanently fixed or temporary and made in a lot of variations.
Dental prostheses that are permanently fixed use dental adhesive or screws to attach to the teeth or dental implants. Using friction against parallel hard surfaces that undercuts the adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention and also by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold it in place is the process of removing dental prostheses.
Orthodontic anchors are dental braces which are used to straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite while aiming to improve their dental health. Not only does braces straighten teeth and help position them with regard to a person’s bite but they also correct under bites, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, malocclusions among other flaws of the teeth and jaw.
Aside from assisting in shaping the teeth and jaws the combination of other orthodontic appliances are used to help widen the palate or jaws and they can be found as cosmetic or structural braces. The basis of modern dental implants is osseointegration which is a biological process. An intimate bond to bone is accomplished by using titanium as the base material. Osseointegration is the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load- bearing artificial implant. Areas in which osseointegration has been applied include; knee and joint replacement, eye-borg perceive color through sound waves, bone anchored hearing conduction amplification, retention of the craniofacial prostheses, dental implants and bone anchored limb prostheses.
In order for either the dental prosthetic is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed to hold on the dental prosthetic a substantial period of time is required for healing. Position and angle of adjacent teeth through lab simulations or using computer tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents determines the positioning of implants.